iCHSTM 2013 Programme • Version 5.3.6, 27 July 2013 • ONLINE (includes late changes)
| Paper sessions timetable | Lunch and evening timetable | Main site
Medical knowledge from ancient Egypt to Islam
Okasha El Daly | Qatar Museums Authority, Qatar

Ancient Egyptian medical knowledge was widely known in the ancient world and Egyptian doctors were in great demand outside Egypt. Egyptian medicine was taught to Greek students in Alexandria in both Egyptian and Greek languages to make use of Egyptian medical texts still relevant and considered advanced. The fame of Egyptian medical knowledge was such that medical books (papyri) were later translated from Egyptian into Greek and Coptic and later on Arabic. Medieval historians of medicine such as Ibn Usaiba’a were well aware of the debt to Egyptian medical practitioners. Famous Muslim doctors such as Abd Al-Latif Al-Baghdadi researched Egyptian mummies in the quest for knowledge and to settle anatomical questions. Looking at the line of transmission of medical knowledge from Ancient Egypt to Islam, we can clearly identify Greek and Coptic translations from Ancient Egyptian to Arabic as well as direct experience of practical medical knowledge which was still prevalent in the Nile Valley.